2014-40th Annual Conference Program

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April 4-5, 2014
9am to 6pm (Friday)
9am to 1pm (Saturday)

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Friday, April 4, 2013

8:00am to 9:00am
Registration and Continental Breakfast
Publisher Exhibits

9:00am to 10:00am
Welcome and Introductions

Conference Overview and Presentation

New Frontiers: Models for Redesign in the Social and Behavioral Sciences
Rosalyn M. King, EdD, Chair, ECCSSA and Professor of Psychology, Northern Virginia Community College, Loudoun

Opening commentary will present the framework and rationale for this year’s conference theme, providing continuity in dialogue from prior conference themes as well as last year’s conference theme on ushering in the renaissance. Discussion will include research and models for the social and behavioral sciences as well as innovations and bold new ideas on the horizon.
View PowerPoint Here:   New_Frontiers-ECCSSA_2014.pdf

Historical Foundations  
Ms. Barbara Crain, Moderator
10:00am to 11:00am

Social justice, Diversity and Inclusion
“The Evolution of Emily Howland: From Accommodation to Social justice.”
Daniel F. Schultz, PhD, Professor Emeritus of History, Anthropology and Sociology, Cayuga Community College, Skaneateles, NY
View PowerPoint Here:   Emily_Howland_Accommodation_to_Social_Justice-Schultz.pdf

Emily Howland was a Quaker philanthropist whose life spanned the formative periods of black education in the American South.  She initially endorsed the prevailing paradigms adopted by white and black educators of the period.  However, by the turn of the century, as the struggle for the direction and control of black education unfolded, Howland continued to support those schools and leaders who directly challenged the “Tuskegee Machine.”  In so doing, she encouraged a new generation of black leaders who became the “forerunners of black power.”

The Role of Geography in Bridging the Cultures
Why is Hell, When There is One, Hot?  The Influence of Geography,
Physical and Human, in Shaping World Religious Traditions
Anne Ruszkiewicz, MA, Associate Professor of History and Geography, Sullivan County Community College,
 Loch Sheldrake, NY

Geography is an ideal discipline for bridging the three cultures of Science, Religion, and the Humanities. A good example is found in taking a close look at the way the world’s major religious traditions have been shaped by the geography and demographics of the environments in which they took formative shape. All religious traditions have many striking similarities as well as distinctive differences. Recognizing the strong common elements including a possible congenital predisposition that is shared by virtually all religious faiths comes as a surprise to most people including students and has huge potential for creating more tolerance and appreciation of diversity when religions are seen as variations on a common theme. This paper argues that working from this broadly common base, different societies in very different physical environments would develop very distinctive traditions of their own and their particular geographies would play a major role in this formative process. Understanding how human societies are shaped by their environment is one of the five themes of Geography and can illuminate many areas of the Humanities. This understanding can also lead to individuals and societies taking better care of their environments.

BREAK: 11:00am-11:10am

Economic & Fiscal Reform
Dr. R. Lee Viar, Moderator
11:10am to 12:10pm

Wage Inequality and Limits to Growth: The Impact on the US Economy
Noreen Van Valkenburgh, Phd, Senior Adjunct Professor, Department of Economics,
 New York State University of Westchester Community College

The current skilled-biased economy found in the United States today tends to increase the earnings gap between skilled workers and unskilled labor to high levels last seen during the Great Depression, (Reich,2013). It seems that changes in technology have allowed a small number of highly educated and exceptionally talented individuals to command superstar incomes, (Stiglitz,2012). This emerging paradigm shift from the process of new economic development resembles similar traits of the past studies by Kuzmets (1963) that examined the historical inverted u-shaped relation between the United States income inequality and GDP growth from 1770 to 1960s. The conclusions of this paper will argue that current rising United States inequality is not primarily about rent-seeking but rather about supply and demand of labor resources.

The Aegis Revenue Act: Sustainability and Increased Federal Tax Revenues
Mark D’Antonio, DBA, Professor of Business and Management, Northern Virginia Community College, Woodbridge

View PowerPoint Here:   Presentation_ECCSSA-D_Antonio.pdf

The Internal Revenue Service raises revenue in concert with the laws passed by the legislative branch of the United States government. In recent years the United States government has been spending more money than it has collected and has had to borrow the difference. The United States currently has a large debt. This paper suggests a course of action that will increase the revenues that the Internal Revenue Service will collect without raising the Income tax.

12:10pm to 1:00pm
Lunch and Discussion

Political and Social Reform
Dr. Sanaz Alasti, Moderator
1:00pm to 1:45pm

A Theory of Existence of Fourth Control Branch of Government: A Comparative Analysis
Gabriel Balayan, PhD, Associate Professor of Law, Fulbright Visiting Scholar at Law Library of Congress
and American University Washington College of Law
View PowerPoint Here:   Theory_of_the_Forth_Control_Banch_at_ECCSSA_-Balayan.pdf

This presentation will provide an overview of a theory about the existence of the Forth Control Branch of Government in the USA. Presentation will include historical development of the “fourth” branch, as well as hypothetical and practical implications of the theory.  Examples will be provided of international legal practices. Recommendations will be made relative to strengthening government control institutions and practices.
The Role of Democracy in Drafting a New Constitution in the Middle East
Amir  Fakhravar, Research Fellow and Visiting Lecturer, The Institute of World Politics, Washington, DC

This presentation will examine the nature of constitutionalism in the Middle East. The research explores topics arising in the comparative study of constitutional systems and constitutional questions of law. Concerns include defining what a constitution actually is and identifying its function within a political system. The presentation will highlight some of the principles of democracy and will explain various ways other nations, such as South Africa, has resolved contemporary constitutional questions.

Models for Theory, Research, Teaching & Learning in Higher Education
Mr. David Strickland, Moderator
1:45pm to 3:15pm

Building Theory and Theoretical Frameworks
Sociological Consciousness as a Cognitional Process
Anthony L. Haynor, PhD, Associate Professor of Sociology, Seton Hall University, South Orange, NJ
View PowerPoint Here:   Sociological_Consciousness_as_a_Cognitional_Process-Haynor.pdf
Drawing on the cognitional theory of Bernard Lonergan, a method for sociological inquiry is put forward.  The developer presents a three-stage process: 1) attention to relevant data (the process of sociation based on the work of Simmel) and what is transacted between social actors; 2) classification and categorization of data and the identification of factors that sustain transactions; and 3) assessing the adequacy of the classificatory and explanatory scheme by applying it to new social settings. Lastly, sociological consciousness involves an examination of choices to be made (e.g. policies) based on an understanding of a particular network of action as illuminated by the validated analytical framework. A consensus on the cognitional path to be taken by sociological inquirers would make possible a robust dialogue that can potentially lead to a unified theory of society and effective strategies of reform and reconstruction.
Curriculum Issues
“Do We Still Need Women’s Studies?”
Genevieve Carminati, Professor, English and Director, Gender and Women’s Studies, Montgomery College,
 Rockville, MD

The second wave of the modern feminist movement brought an examination of the academy, where women’s history, voices and achievements were traditionally absent, or glossed over. Women’s contributions were often unattributed or wrongly attributed to men. Women’s Studies programs were created to address and hopefully correct these omissions and challenge theoretical constructs across the academy that excluded women. However, today many programs are being subsumed into Gender Studies and/or Sexuality Studies. Although many see this redesign as a natural progression, the presenter will argue this absorption into broader programs is a dangerous move backward for the discipline and for future students.

Innovation in Teaching
The Innovative Hybrid Course Model: A Taxonomy-focused Pedagogy in a Learner-Centered Culture
Chiquita Howard-Bostic, PhD, Assistant Professor of Sociology and Criminal Justice, Shepherd University, Shepherdstown, West Virginia
View PowerPoint Here:   Hybrid-Howard_Bostic.pdf

This proposal offers a hybrid (live and online) teaching model and critical pedagogical framework that integrates a learner-centered philosophy, creative teaching activities, learning objective-oriented techniques using the SAKAI online interface. Content from the lesson, “The Nature of Delinquency” from SOCI 312: Juvenile Delinquency will be applied as a hybrid course model for teaching in the area of social sciences. The presentation includes (1) web snapshots connecting online content and the pedagogical style via PowerPoint, (2) corresponding handouts to jump start the course building process, (3) examples and findings from contemporary literature, and (4) an engaging discussion.

BREAK: 3:15pm-3:20pm

Poster Session
Dr. Rosalyn M. King, Moderator
3:20pm to 3:45pm

Integration of Innovative Technology and Linguistics in Education and Disability Services
Faroat Andasheva and Jessica Smith, Shepherd University, Shepherdstown, WV
View PowerPoint Here:   Final_Poster_Hybrid-Shepherd.pptx

The poster illustrates findings from a multimedia student-learning project and corresponding literature review that examines how innovative technology and linguistic tools enrich learning experiences for students, especially those with disabilities. Multimedia and e-learning tools are useful for course designers, instructors, and participants, and the way we craft e-learning is changing. The poster explains the documented need for interpersonal contact in online learning environments. It also addresses online accommodations for students with disabilities.

Models for Technological Change
Dr. Beverly Pittman, Moderator
3:45pm to 4:15pm

Human Immortality Versus Expendability:  An Issue for 21st Century Social Science
 Irene J. Dabrowski, PhD. Associate Professor of Sociology, St. John’s University, New York
View PowerPoint Here:   irenedabrowski_2014.pdf

Classical sociological theory, most notably, the works of Comte, Durkheim, Weber, and Marx emphasized social transformation in the movement from agricultural society to modernity under the impact of industrialization. The 21st century reality carries many of these traditional themes but new points of focus have emerged as we have reached a new technological-evolutionary point in human history which futurist Ray Kurzweil has termed “the singularity.”  It sets up a grand paradox between immortality and expendability which is in the process of transforming the very definition of what it means to be human. On the one hand, the prominent technological revolutions of our times are the genetic, nano-technological, and robotic which entail the merger of person and machine, challenging biological limitations while extending life spans. On the other hand, a transhuman era is emerging replacing durable human beings with robots, drones, or else creating hybrid human beings with replaceable parts.  This is the issue that now faces social science conceptualization and teaching as did the notion of the social in the Age of Enlightenment.  Bruno Latour’s actor-network theory (ANT) integrated with systems theory and the futurist perspective are starting points for investigating this vast, largely unexplored, area of study.

Higher Education Policy
Dr. Rosalyn M. King, Moderator
4:15pm to 6:00pm

Curriculum, Instruction and Policy
A Revolution is Overdue in Western Secondary and Undergraduate Education
Dipak K. Roy, MPA, Adjunct Instructor of Economics, NOVA and Germanna Community College
View PowerPoint Here:   A_Revolution_is_overdue_in_western_secondary_and_PPT_Mar_31_2014_final-DRoy.pdf

The purpose of this presentation is to depict and outline the revolution urgently needed in Western secondary and undergraduate education and curricula to cope with the economic and employment shocks from globalization and the rise of the East—a historic shift in power and economic accomplishment that the West is so far ill-equipped to manage.   

Rethinking the ‘Education-as-Business’ Model in American Higher Education:
The Customer is Not Always Right
Beverly D. Pittman, PhD, Associate Professor, Health & Wellness, Northern Virginia Community College, Annandale

In their efforts to grow, many American colleges and universities appear to have firmly adopted consumerist and competitive business practices, and thereby have begun to yield to customer demand in an attempt to meet short term goals.  In other words, “the customer is always right.”  However, consumerism and competition are externally focused business strategies that by themselves cannot truly measure success.  For true success, there also needs to be an equal focus on internal strategies such as productivity and quality, and these measures far too often appear to be insufficient in college and university planning.  This discussion will explore the extent to which the “Education-as-Business” Model is effective in American higher education.

Student Development and Retention
Promoting a New Culture to Prepare Students for Success in College
David L. Strickland, MA, Associate Professor of Sociology and Director, Student Success Program
 East Georgia State College, Swainsboro, GA

This presentation describes the development and implementation of a comprehensive student success program at East Georgia State College. The program includes classroom instruction in which students learn specific attitudes and behaviors that lead to success and lab assignments in which student practice effective strategies under the supervision of a teacher/mentor. The student success textbook becomes an academic planner/calendar which the student uses not only for the first semester but for every semester until graduation. Interactive tools in the text are used by the student to develop a long term academic plan and individual study plans for each course. The program is a model that can be adopted or adapted by other instructions.

Keeping in Touch: A Contact Model Approach to Student Retention
George Keteku, PhD, Political Science; Adjunct Professor, SUNY Westchester Community College (WCC)
and Director, Black and Hispanic Male Initiative Program, WCC

High rates of dropouts and the challenges colleges’ face  to maintain and increase retention rates among male students, especially among the  minority population, continue to frustrate and undermine national as well as local efforts at raising educational standards and preparing the workforce of the  future. Using Westchester Community College as a case study, this presenter explores and  tests a contact model approach that develops an uninterrupted relationship between the college and its Black and Hispanic male students. The goal is to determine the effects of a functional relationship between the  college and  the at-risk population on dropout rates.

6:00pm to 6:15pm
Discussion, Wrap-Up and Next Day Overview

7:00pm to 8:30pm
Join us for Dinner at P.F. Chang’s, Dulles Towne Center
(On Your Own)

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Saturday, April 5, 2014

8:00am to 9:00am
Continental Breakfast

Global Initiatives
Dr. Rosalyn M. King, Moderator

Promoting Tourism
In Search of a New Strategy for Tourism Development: The Case of Cordoba, Argentina
 B. Eugenia Perona, PhD, Associate Professor, Economics, Universidad Empresarial Siglo 21 (UES21), Cordoba, Argentina
View PowerPoint Here:   Presentation_ECCSSA_Eugenia_Perona.pdf

In the province of Cordoba, Argentina tourism is acknowledged as a major contributor to economic growth. However, the overall vision and decisions made by public and private agents appear shortsighted and lacking any scientific basis. Social and environmental aspects are disregarded, new technologies are marginally used, and the prevailing attitude favors resource exploitation rather than creative expansion. Based on evidence and extensive data analysis, I will argue that a new paradigm for understanding and managing tourism development is needed.

Models for Study Abroad
Broadening Global Perspectives:  Integrating Study Abroad Experiences into the Classroom
Karl T. Smith, MA, Professor and Co-Chair, Social Sciences Department, Montgomery College,
Takoma Park-Silver Spring, MD
View PowerPoint Here:   ECCSSA_Presentation.KarlSmith-April_2014.pdf

In the last six months Smith has been fortunate enough to participate in college travel to China and Cuba.  In 2010 he participated in a trip to Peru.  Each trip has allowed him to bring fresh perspectives and material to his Latin American History, American History, American Government and American Foreign Policy courses. For students to be truly global citizens and to have a degree of comfort navigating a professional world that will increasingly have a global focus, even the courses that center on American history and politics should feature comparative elements on economic and/or governmental systems. Moreover, they must introduce students to the idea of multi-national collaboration. It has been Smith’s goal to incorporate global awareness in his curriculum and have multicultural components in all courses. In this presentation he will demonstrate a variety of techniques developed to bring the experience and knowledge gained on these trips into the classroom.

BREAK: 10:00am to 10:15am

Global Exchange and Collaborative Projects

Teaching and Living in a Divided City: Six Months in Mostar
 Amy Gilley, PhD, Professor of Film Studies and Theater, Northern Virginia Community College, Annandale Campus
View PowerPoint Here:   MOSTARfortalk.pdf

This presentation discusses experiences and  outcomes of teaching film in a global context.   What lessons can be gained from teaching American studies to American students?  Do we in America truly share one perspective on citizenship and national identity?  A survey of our most popular media and film suggests a desire to define American identity by harkening back to the origins of the country; a topic that fits several broad topics from global education to political reform.

Cook Stoves for Santa Clara and Other Food for Thought: The Santa Clara Project in El Salvador
Monica A. Mallini, PE, Associate Professor, and Maria Sprehn, Professor of Anthropology, and Students
 Montgomery College, Germantown, MD

View PowerPoint Here: Stoves_for_Santa_Clara-Mallini.pdf

A particular challenge of introducing cook stoves to replace open fire cooking in El Salvador is to design a cook stove that can be used with the Comal, so that the community can enjoy the advantages of enclosed fire stoves without having to sacrifice traditional cuisines and food preparation methods.  Engineering testing will ensure that stove designs achieve their technical objectives.  Just as important is providing a solution that will not be disruptive to the local culture in an unacceptable way.  Therefore, engineering students join social science students in developing a cook stove solution for a successful, sustainable outcome.

Mental Map Expansion -- Moving from Space to a Sense of Place
Barbara Crain, MA, MS, Associate Professor, Geography, Northern Virginia Community College, Loudoun Campus, Sterling, VA
We all move in space, thus we all navigate the world and while doing so our mental map expands. Our personal experiences differ making each of our mental maps unique; in addition they are constantly fine-tuned during our life-time. For the geographer, mental map expansion is a lifelong learning process: 1) turning unknown, undifferentiated space into place, a place with a strong identity; and, 2) constantly fine-tuning our understanding of that place by using specific geographic tools. This discussion examines how the presenter's participation in a faculty exchange with a Ghanaian college that affected her on a factual and emotional level will help in expanding her students' mental maps.

LUNCH: 12:15-1:00PM
Conference Adjourns

Macmillan Higher Education Publishing Group, Inc.
David Kennedy, Manager
Mike Krotine, Publisher Representative

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Association for Non-Traditional Students
in Higher Education (ANTSHE)

McGraw-Hill Education Group
Sean Williams, Representative

Volunteer Staff
Executive Committee-Psychology Club
Northern Virginia Community College, Loudoun Campus

William Dailey
Rachel Hansberger
Cami Hoyt
Kory Ladner
Peter Tirado

ECCSSA Staff Associate
Kory Ladner

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 Conference Registration Fees
Regular Registration: $135.00
Walk-In Registration: $150.00
New Scholar/Adjunct Faculty/Graduate Student: $100
Walk-In Registration: $120.00
(New Scholar=1-3 years of employment)
Undergraduate Student: $35
Regular Membership: $50
Lifetime Membership: $500

To Pay By Credit Card, Click Here.

 Conference Hotel

Courtyard by Marriott
Dulles Town Center
(A Smoke-Free Hotel)
45500 Majestic Drive
Dulles, VA 20166

The hotel is across from the famous Dulles Town Center with shopping and restuarants!

Must Reserve on or before Monday, March 21, 2014 (Cutoff Date)
(After the cutoff date, the hotel will release any unreserved rooms for geeral sale and, in the hotel's discretion,
will accept reservations at ECCSSA Room Block's group rate, on a space and rate available basis.)

Please identify yourself as part of the ECCSSA Room Block Group.
++++Ask for the ECCSSA Room Block for April 2014 at the Courtyard Dulles Town Center.

Free Airport Shuttle Service
++Free Shuttle Service to and from the CIT-ECCSA Conference Facility
(Must Provide Pick-up and Drop-off Times)
Complimentary Convenient Onsite Parking

Room Rate:
1 King Bed Suite with Sofa Bed @ $69.00 plus tax, per night
For those who wish to request tax exemption, tax exempt forms have to be pre-approved by hotel event manager.
Contact Hotel Event Manager at the time of reservation.

Click on the links below to make reservations:
Book your group rate: ECCSSA Room Block >>

(Breakfast not included in room rate. Continental Breakfast Served at Conference.)

If you prefer to make reservations by telephone, please call the reservations department at: 1 800-321-2211 or (571) 434-6400.
All reservations must be guaranteed with a major credit card.  The hotel will not hold any reservations unless secured by credit card.

Courtyard by Marriott Dulles Town Center provides a complimentary airport/local shuttle, wired/wireless high-speed Internet,
HDTVs, in room safes and friendly Marriott service. Located in Northern Virginia's Technology Corridor the Courtyard Dulles
Town Center hotel allows guests easy access to businesses & shops from Dulles Town Center to Tyson's Corner. AOL
Time Warner, Northern Virginia Community College, The Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and George Washington
University are just a few destinations in the area. Additionally, this suburban DC hotel is conveniently located along Route 7,
Leesburg Pike and Route 28 providing easy access to both Washington Dulles Intl Airport IAD and downtown Washington DC.

Courtyard Marriott Fact Sheet in PDF:

Restaurants and Hotel Information-Handout:

 Download Conference Forms Below:

2014 Conference Registration Form

  Guidelines for Presenters

 Guidelines for Poster Presentations

 Information for Publishers, Organizations and Sponsors

 Application Form for Publishers, Organizations and Sponsors

For more information on the 2014 ECCSSA conference, please contact:
Dr. Rosalyn M. King, Chair, Board of Trustees at: roking@nvcc.edu or (703) 450-2629.

 Loudoun County Attractions

Best Online Source
This site has information on everything you want to know about Loudoun county,
 including places to eat, heritage and culture, town and villages and horse country events.

Northern Virginia Magazine
Provides great information on the happenings in Northern Virginia.

Ashburn, Virginia Web
Provides links to cultural and museum events.


Loudoun Museum

Oatlands Plantation

Dodona Manor

Smithsonian Insititution,
 Air and Space Udvar-Hazy Museum



Dulles International Airport (IAD)
Washington-Reagon International Airport(DCA)
Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (BWI)
Leesburg Municipal Airport



Fairfax Limo

Harvest Limo

Super Shuttle

Washington Flyer

Dulles Taxi & Limousine


Dulles Town Center
21100 Dulles Town Circle
Dulles, VA

Reston Town Center
Reston, VA

Leesburg Corner Premium Outlets
241 Fort Evans Road, NE
Leesburg, VA



Other Restaurants in the Area

The Dock at Lansdowne
19286 Promenade Drive
Leesburg, VA

11 N. King Street
Leesburg, VA

Tuscarora Mill
204 Harrison Street, SE
Leesburg, VA

5 Catoctin Circle
Leesburg, VA

Cheng's Oriental Restuarant
20921 Davenport Drive
Sterling, VA

Don Corleone's Pizzeria
21018 S. Bank Street
Sterling, VA

Hooked (Seafood/Sushi)
20789 Great Falls Plaza
Sterling, VA

The Olive Garden
45970 Waterview Plaza
Sterling, VA

Pomegranate Grill (Persian)
46950 Community Plaza
Sterling, VA

Saigon Cafe (Vietnamese)
20921 Davenport Drive
Sterling, VA

A Taste of Vietnam
46005 Regal Plaza
Sterling, VA

Sweetwater Tavern
45980 Waterview Plaza
Sterling, VA

For more information on the 2014 ECCSSA conference, please contact:
Dr. Rosalyn M. King, Chair, Board of Trustees at: roking@nvcc.edu or (703) 450-2629.